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Spring Boot 高级篇–Mybatis(2):Mybatis+注解整合篇

Mybatis winrains 来源:一灰灰Blog 5个月前 (04-13) 35次浏览

上一篇博文介绍了SpringBoot整合mybatis的过程,但是xml的方式,总感觉让人有点蛋疼;本文将介绍一种noxml的使用姿势,纯用注解的方式来支持CURD

I. 环境

本文使用SpringBoot版本为 2.2.1.RELEASE, mybatis版本为1.3.2,数据库为mysql 5+

1. 项目搭建

推荐是用官方的教程来创建一个SpringBoot项目; 如果直接创建一个maven工程的话,将下面配置内容,拷贝到你的pom.xml

  • 主要引入的是mybatis-spring-boot-starter,可以减少令人窒息的配置
<parent>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
    <version>2.2.1.RELEASE</version>
    <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
</parent>

<properties>
    <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
    <java.version>1.8</java.version>
</properties>

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
        <version>1.3.2</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>mysql</groupId>
        <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

<build>
    <pluginManagement>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </pluginManagement>
</build>
<repositories>
    <repository>
        <id>spring-snapshots</id>
        <name>Spring Snapshots</name>
        <url>https://repo.spring.io/libs-snapshot-local</url>
        <snapshots>
            <enabled>true</enabled>
        </snapshots>
    </repository>
    <repository>
        <id>spring-milestones</id>
        <name>Spring Milestones</name>
        <url>https://repo.spring.io/libs-milestone-local</url>
        <snapshots>
            <enabled>false</enabled>
        </snapshots>
    </repository>
    <repository>
        <id>spring-releases</id>
        <name>Spring Releases</name>
        <url>https://repo.spring.io/libs-release-local</url>
        <snapshots>
            <enabled>false</enabled>
        </snapshots>
    </repository>
</repositories>

2. 配置信息

application.yml 配置文件中,加一下db的相关配置

spring:
  datasource:
    url: jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/story?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF-8&useSSL=false
    username: root
    password:

接下来准备一个测试表(依然借用之前db操作系列博文中的表结构),用于后续的CURD;表结果信息如下

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `money`;

CREATE TABLE `money` (
  `id` int(11) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `name` varchar(20) NOT NULL DEFAULT '' COMMENT '用户名',
  `money` int(26) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0' COMMENT '有多少钱',
  `is_deleted` tinyint(1) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `create_at` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP COMMENT '创建时间',
  `update_at` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP ON UPDATE CURRENT_TIMESTAMP COMMENT '更新时间',
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`),
  KEY `name` (`name`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4;

II. 实例整合

在前一篇的基础上进行扩展,重点在于干掉了xml文件,在DAO接口上通过注解来实现CURD

1. PO

创建表对应的PO对象: MoneyPo

@Data
public class MoneyPo {
    private Integer id;

    private String name;

    private Long money;

    private Integer isDeleted;

    private Timestamp createAt;

    private Timestamp updateAt;
}

2. DAO接口

表的操作接口,下面简单的写了四个接口,分别对应CRUID四种操作

@Mapper
public interface MoneyMapper {

    // 支持主键写回到po

    @Options(useGeneratedKeys = true, keyProperty = "po.id", keyColumn = "id")
    @Insert("insert into money (name, money, is_deleted) values (#{po.name}, #{po.money}, #{po.isDeleted})")
    int savePo(@Param("po") MoneyPo po);

    @Select("select * from money where name=#{name}")
    @Results({@Result(property = "id", column = "id", id = true, jdbcType = JdbcType.INTEGER),
            @Result(property = "name", column = "name", jdbcType = JdbcType.VARCHAR),
            @Result(property = "money", column = "money", jdbcType = JdbcType.INTEGER),
            @Result(property = "isDeleted", column = "is_deleted", jdbcType = JdbcType.TINYINT),
            @Result(property = "createAt", column = "create_at", jdbcType = JdbcType.TIMESTAMP),
            @Result(property = "updateAt", column = "update_at", jdbcType = JdbcType.TIMESTAMP)})
    List<MoneyPo> findByName(@Param("name") String name);

    @Update("update money set money=money+#{money} where id=#{id}")
    int addMoney(@Param("id") int id, @Param("money") int money);

    @Delete("delete from money where id = #{id,jdbcType=INTEGER}")
    int delPo(@Param("id") int id);

    @Select("<script> select * from money " +
            "<trim prefix=\"WHERE\" prefixOverrides=\"AND | OR\">" +
            "   <if test=\"id != null\">" +
            "       id = #{id}" +
            "   </if>" +
            "   <if test=\"name != null\">" +
            "       AND name=#{name}" +
            "   </if>" +
            "   <if test=\"money != null\">" +
            "       AND money=#{money}" +
            "   </if>" +
            "</trim>" +
            "</script>")
    @Results({@Result(property = "id", column = "id", id = true, jdbcType = JdbcType.INTEGER),
                @Result(property = "name", column = "name", jdbcType = JdbcType.VARCHAR),
                @Result(property = "money", column = "money", jdbcType = JdbcType.INTEGER),
                @Result(property = "isDeleted", column = "is_deleted", jdbcType = JdbcType.TINYINT),
                @Result(property = "createAt", column = "create_at", jdbcType = JdbcType.TIMESTAMP),
                @Result(property = "updateAt", column = "update_at", jdbcType = JdbcType.TIMESTAMP)})
    List<MoneyPo> findByPo(MoneyPo po);
}

从mapper的实现上,也可以看出来,通过 @Insert, @Select, @Update, @Delete 四个注解来实现CURD,使用上面这种方式时,有几个点需要注意

  • insert: 当我们希望插入的主键写回到PO时,可以配置@Options(useGeneratedKeys = true, keyProperty = "po.id", keyColumn = "id")
  • 动态sql: 在注解中,通过<script>来包装动态sql
  • @Results 实现<resultMap>的映射关系

5. 测试

接下来简单测试一下上面的四个接口,看是否可以正常工作

@SpringBootApplication
public class Application {

    public Application(MoneyRepository repository) {
        repository.testMapper();
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
    }
}

启动类

测试类

@Repository
public class MoneyRepository {
    @Autowired
    private MoneyMapper moneyMapper;

    private Random random = new Random();

    public void testMapper() {
        MoneyPo po = new MoneyPo();
        po.setName("mybatis noxml user");
        po.setMoney((long) random.nextInt(12343));
        po.setIsDeleted(0);

        moneyMapper.savePo(po);
        System.out.println("add record: " + po);
        moneyMapper.addMoney(po.getId(), 200);
        System.out.println("after update: " + moneyMapper.findByName(po.getName()));
        moneyMapper.delPo(po.getId());
        System.out.println("after delete: " + moneyMapper.findByName(po.getName()));
    }
}

输出结果

II. 其他

0. 相关

推荐阅读

源码

作者:一灰灰Blog

来源:http://spring.hhui.top/spring-blog/2019/12/30/191230-SpringBoot%E7%B3%BB%E5%88%97%E6%95%99%E7%A8%8BMybatis-%E6%B3%A8%E8%A7%A3%E6%95%B4%E5%90%88%E7%AF%87/


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